8 hours ago
"Dialectical materialism is the worldview on the part of the Marxist-Leninist party. It is called dialectic materialism because its approach to the phenomena of nature, and its method of studying and learning them is dialectical, while its interpretation of the phenomena of nature, their conception of these phenomena, their theory, are materialistic, "Joseph Stalin said at the opening of his 1938 book, Dialectical and Historical Materialism. The dialectical word comes from the Greek and means discourse, for debate, which the ancient Greeks saw as the best way to find the truth when there is a disagreement, debates and contradictions will collide and synthesize in absolute truth.
The dialectic originated in Hegel, a German philosopher, but this dialectic is opposed to that of Marxism, because it is idealistic.
But in explaining what dialectics really is, the dialectic sees the whole world intertwined, and in development, it says that there are contradictions everywhere, and that when contradictions are resolved, new contradictions are formed, and so on. There is progress whenever contradictions are resolved. For these and other reasons it is that in the Marxists we say that revolution and socialism are a practical nesity, because the contradictions of capitalism will be overcome and solved by socialism. Dialectics opposes metaphysics which states that things are not in development, the only thing that changes are the qualitative changes and that things are not interconnected, they are isolated.
Therefore, summing up the dialectic, let us now define its laws: