2 days ago
(Östra Torsås 1:1)
(post nr. 4)
I had wanted to come here for a long time! Inglinge hög is one of the most famous burial mounds in Scandinavia, the largest in Småland. It is also the location for southern Smålands oldest thing, an old governing assembly. The old folk-land of Värend is one of the places associated with the "Herules" who were first named by Pliny the Elder in the first century as having traveled south into central Europe. According to Procopius they came back to settle in their ancestral homeland next to the Goths in the early 500's. Even the name of the hundred, Konga härad, implicates that this was the place of a king and place names surrounding Inglinge hög include Kongsängen, Kongsladan, Kongsbron, Kongsmaden, Kongsstigen, etc... Scholars speculate that the name is related to the Yngling Dynasty of Uppsala and that this royal line could have originated here. Another theory is that it is the burial for a local petty king named "Inge". The mound is 37m in diameter and 6m high, besides its enormous size it is special because of the famous grave orb and 1.7m tall standing stone at its top. The grave orb is ornately carved with geometric patterns of spirals and flowers, surely made by a real master. A copy of the orb was made and lies in a field near the grave field.
The grave field is located by the lake Torsjön in Ingelstad a few km south of Växjö. There are 130 burials consisting of 1 burial cairn, 5 burial mounds, 3 standing stones and over 100 stone-settings in round, oval, rectangular and ship form. The burial cairn is probably the oldest burial here, from the Bronze Age, in the 1700's a bronze sword was found somewhere in the grave field. Next to Inglinge hög is another large burial mound 28m in diameter and 3.25m high, these two mounds probably date to 500-700 when large mounds like the ones at Gamla Uppsala and other's around the country sprang up. In the 1930's Erik Floderus excavated four of the stone-setting graves and found that they were cremation burials. Three of the graves had grave goods from the Viking age including cloth-buckles (spännbucklor) but the fourth was a bit older probably from the Vendel Period. at Inglinge hög